Efficient Tandem Cu-Catalyzed Click Synthesis of Multi-Sugar-Modified Oligonucleotides.


Angewandte Chemie Internation Edition

Tölke AJ, Gaisbauer JF, Gärtner YV, Steigenberger B, Holovan A, Streshnev F, Schneider S, Müller M, Carell T.

Nucleic acids in the form of siRNA, antisense oligonucleotides or mRNA are currently explored as new promising modalities in the pharmaceutical industry. Particularly, the success of mRNA-vaccines against SARS-CoV-2, along with the successful development of the first sugar-modified siRNA therapeutics has inspired the field. The development of nucleic acid therapeutics requires efficient chemistry to link oligonucleotides to chemical structures that can improve stability, boost cellular uptake, or enable specific targeting. For the siRNA therapeutics currently in use, modification of the 3′-end of the oligonucleotides with triple-N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc)3 was shown to be of significance. This modification is currently achieved via a cumbersome multi-step synthesis and subsequent loading onto the solid support material. Here, we report the development of a bifunctional click-reactive linker that allows the modification of oligonucleotides in a tandem click reaction with multiple sugars, regardless of the position within the oligonucleotide, with remarkable efficiency and in a one-pot reaction.